HEALTHY MOUTH TIPS
Antibiotics – Are They Needed for Dental Implants
Do You Need to Receive Antibiotics for Dental Implants?
At Steve S. Kim DDS, we are often asked about antibiotics and dental implants. This is one question that we cannot answer the same every time because it truly depends on your situation and also your history with infection. In today’s world, about two out of every three Americans have a minimum of one missing tooth in their mouth, which means there is a need for dental implants. Dental implants are quite unique in nature and they offer the support you need for your jaw bone to prevent deterioration. Dental implants also allow you to improve your smile and you will receive a boost of confidence as well. Below, Dr. Kim will explore more about dental implants and whether or not antibiotics are needed.
What are Dental Implants?
Dental implants are best known as titanium posts that are surgically placed into the jawbone. Once the area has healed, the root will be fused with the bone to provide a strong foundation. A crown, bridge, or even dentures can be attached to the implant to provide you with a beautiful smile.
If you want to have dental implants placed, you may need to have a procedure or two done beforehand such as bone grafting. A bone graft will add bone to your lower jaw to ensure the artificial root will remain in place. If you need to have any procedures done beforehand, you may need to receive antibiotics to aid in the healing process.
Since your mouth is home to a plethora of bacteria, it is important that you keep an eye out, so they do not cause any infections. When you have dental procedures done, the bacteria can try to invade the area and cause an infection to form. If this happens, the dental implants will need to be removed because they will fail.
Patients who are considered to be high risk will receive antibiotics prior to the procedure to ward off any issues with bacteria. Most patients will not need the medication beforehand, but Dr. Kim will let you know if you do. If you are a low risk patient, you may still need antibiotics, especially if you have suffered from infections beforehand. If you are concerned about this, you should speak with Dr. Kim in our Torrance office BEFORE the procedure.
Who Is a High and Low Risk Patient?
Seniors who have a weakened immune system or patients who suffer from serious disease or illness are considered to be high risk patients. In addition, patients who smoke, have diabetes, or are under or overweight are also considered to be at a higher risk for infection.
The AHA and ADA recommend that patients receive preventative antibiotics, especially in patients who do have a higher risk of infection. This includes individuals with heart conditions or prosthetic heart valves.
Antibiotics are also recommended for patients who have recently had any type of orthopedic surgery performed. While the antibiotics are not necessarily routine, they should be used if a patient has had surgery within the two weeks of the surgery date.
Research and Evidence for Antibiotics and Dental Implants
There is often a debate about whether or not that low to moderate risk individuals need to receive antibiotics before they have dental implants placed in their mouth. There are some concerns about serious allergic reactions and mild side effects such as diarrhea and headaches. In addition, there is some concern that patients can build up an immunity to the medication and render them ineffective.
A study that was completed by the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials found that healthy and low risk patients who took antibiotics prior to their dental implant procedure received benefits. Patients received a total of two grams of amoxicillin before the procedure. The researchers found that the medicine reduced implant failure.
The team could infer that patients received benefits and did not experience early implant loss, but there was no direct evidence to show which antibiotics would work the best and what benefits each patient would receive.
Your Dental Implant Consultation in Torrance, CA
There are benefits to taking antibiotics prior to receiving dental implants, but it is not clear just what those benefits are and it may not be the right choice for everyone. The choice for Dr. Kim to prescribe you preventative antibiotics is up to him and you. It is important that you address any concerns you may have and that you discuss your previous dental and medical history to include cases of infection and also previous medications and vitamins that you take.
Dr. Kim will then look at your overall dental history and let you know if you should receive antibiotics for your procedure. If you do have a history of infections, you will probably receive medication for the procedure.
Once you and Dr. Kim have gone over your options, you will be able to make an informed decision about your care. If you would like to schedule a dental implant consultation in Torrance, CA with Dr. Kim, call our office now.